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Superconductivity is the zero electrical resistance phenomenon which occurs in certain materials when cooled below a characteristic critical temperature. It was discovered in 1911 by H. Kamerlingh Onnes, who is famous for his work on thermodynamics. He won the Nobel Prize in physics for his investigations into the properties of matter at low temperatures including his articulation of the Third Law of Thermodynamics in 1905.
If we can have superconductive materials at normal temperatures we can have a revolution in saving energy as we discussed it in a paper we published in 1988:
To bring us up to date with the advances in superconductivity research on Monday September 30, 2014, 2:00-3:00PM, one of my colleagues is giving a talk on the subject of “Superconductors as the Energy Super-Highways of the Future”: